As much as we have the help of smartphones, tablets and cell phones, no hardware is more valuable to the routine than the brain. However, memory is precisely one of the cognitive functions most impaired by the information overload brought about by technology. Lost in an ocean of stimuli, we end up forgetting names, dates, deadlines and information more and more easily.
Forgetfulness impairs the success of any professional, but for those who need to memorize specific content, such as students and candidates for public examinations, the price is even higher.
But there is a breath: there are resources and techniques to recover the capacity to remember. If you seek advice in this regard, neuroscience can help. Check out the following 5 methods inspired by scientific discoveries to facilitate the fixing of any information:
1. Play teacher with a friend
You will only memorize information if you do something practical with it, ” says Professor Peter Doolittle of Virginia Tech.
One of the best ways to do this is to explain that content to another person, such as a friend who is studying for the same proof as you, for example. To give your “lesson”, you need to organize, filter and reproduce the information, which facilitates memorization.
A couple of articles published in 2007 in the academic journals Science and Intelligence provide some evidence of this. According to the studies, the first-born children on average have higher IQ than the youngest. The reason? Probably because they spent much of their childhood teaching various things to their younger siblings.
2. Play as a teacher to yourself
Is there no person available to listen to your “lesson” about the content you need to memorize? Without any problem, you can perform only.
To make this solitary exercise more stimulating, ask yourself questions about the material. University of Michigan Education Specialists Recommend stopping reading a booklet from time to time, for example, and asking yourself, “What is the main information for this section?”. Talking out loud, whether to ask questions or to answer them, helps a lot.
A paper published in 2010 in the “Journal of Experimental Psychology” indicates that oral production has a significant impact on retention of information. Scholars did the following experiment. Faced with a list of words, the participants had to read half aloud and half in silence.
Then they had to remember as many items as possible that they had read. Those who had been pronounced were far more remembered than those who had been read without uttering any sound.
3. Take pencils and paper
In times dominated by computers and smartphones, less and less people are in the habit of recording information by hand. The old method, however, is excellent for memorizing.
By using the keyboard or the touch screen of a mobile phone, we process writing more superficially than when we draw the words with a pencil, say scholars at Princeton and California universities .
So you can forget Word: the next time you need to decorate something, look for a good piece of paper. Either way whether you’re going to write a flowing text or draw a schematic with arrows. The important thing is to transform the information to be recorded in a handwritten record.
4. Think Like A Surrealist Painter
A good method to facilitate the retention of information is to visualize it in an unusual, funny or even surreal context. To understand this, imagine that you need to decorate the name of a person you just met: Joana Pontes, for example.
Try to imagine this surname, Bridges, inside Joan’s face, suggests memory expert Chris Moulin to the site “The Mirror” : it can be a bridge between the ear and the mouth, for example, or some other image worthy of a painting. Salvador Dali.
Does it look crazy? Thinking like a surrealist painter, in fact, can be quite useful. According to Carla Tieppo, a neuroscientist and teacher of the Santa Casa de São Paulo, the more we are left with a mental image, the more likely it will be to be absorbed by the brain in a lasting way.
5. Turn everything into music
Have you stopped to tell how many songs you know by heart? Do you have any idea how the lyrics got so easily engraved in your brain? The secret is the melody behind them.
It is not for other reason that teachers of cursinho love to create musical parodies to transmit subjects like the periodic table of the chemical elements. When shrouded in melody, any information can be recorded more easily.
A study of North American and German researchers has shown that creating a rhythmic and melodic pattern is an excellent aid to cognitive functions. An experiment with multiple sclerosis patients suggests that the musical stimulus enhances “deep coding” during verbal learning.
Whether to memorize new information or to be more productive at work , listening to music has amazing effects. “It does something probably unique: it stimulates the brain in a powerful way from our emotional connection with it,” neuropsychologist Catherine Loveday summarizes the site of The Guardian newspaper .